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Old July 5th, 2009, 01:40 PM
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Step 4: Implementing the LED Strategy
LED Program Options:
  • Encouraging Local Business Growth
    • Develop tradable services: tourism, banking, finance, culture and other branches and services to support growing exports;
    • Expand the current development strategy for the city to include ways to support small scale city-building.
  • Encouraging New Enterprise
    • Supporting the growth of light manufacturing industries which are exporting garments and shoes through the development of hard infrastructure (see below “small bricks”).
  • Investment in Hard Infrastructure
    • Understand what is involved in the development of intermodal transport system;
    • Understand how other cities have set about redeveloping former industrial and port areas, different methods of planning and administration and of financing such projects;
    • Development of three zones: one north of the Cam River; a second, to the east of the city near Dinh Vu; and the third south toward Cat Bi Airport:
    • Ambitious investment program to supply major pieces of infrastructure.
    • Estimates at more than $1 billion needed for large scale new towns and satellite cities, industrial parks, cross town transit connections, and the Binh bridge across the Cam river, and the special economic zone.
    • Technical assistance to create the institutional capacity to plan and implement a “small bricks” approach of small scale neighborhood improvements that will ultimately support export growth and smooth the way to a service-based economy:
    • Paving of neighborhood streets.
    • Completing road connections.
    • Improving water and drainage.
    • Upgrading downtown areas.
  • Investment in Soft Infrastructure
    • City should produce a statistical yearbook to inform the city authorities, the city inhabitants, potential foreign investors and aid agencies of vital data so that stake holders are well informed regarding the economic outlook of the city;
    • Technical assistance is needed on the expansion and development of a financial services sector;
    • Strategic plans for city development;
    • Participatory approaches in governance;
    • Speeding up development of property and real estate transactions;
    • Incorporating environmental dimensions into local and regional plans;
    • Increase financial and fiscal incentives to improve local government performance in finance;
    • Create a business council of local and regional figures, with international consultants, to develop an action plan to modernize the city as a business environment.
  • Area Targeting
    • Geographic focus of the urban development program for high marginal returns in the short run: 1.) deltas of Ho Chi Minh City and Haiphong; 2.) the central development triangle around Da Nang and selected intermediate cities and towns; and 3.) the Border with China.

Step 5: Reviewing the LED Strategy
  • Assistance from donor agencies would be contingent upon achieving progress in reforms.
  • Haiphong will need to upgrade its planning tools and data to have successful planning and regulatory controls.

  • Campbell, T. (1998). City Development Options for Haiphong: Charting a Path to the Year 2020, Draft Full Report, Urban Partnership, TWU, 30 July.
  • Campbell, T. et al. (1999). "A Tale of Two Cities in Vietnam: Towards a Strategy for Growth, Poverty and Environment in the Cities and Regions in Vietnam”. September.
  • Harris, N. (1998). "The Economic Development of Haiphong." June.
(Source: World Bank)
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