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Old July 15th, 2009, 10:54 AM
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Arrow Hanoi Capital Region

project: hanoi capital region plan 2030

client: Vietnam Institute of Architecture, Urban and Rural Planning (VIAP) - Ministry of Construction, Vietnam

description of project

hansen was engaged by the Ministry of Construction, Vietnam to work with government planners and engineers in the review of the draft Hanoi Capital Region Plan, 2030 which was prepared by VIAP. The review aimed at ensuring the regional plan adopted best practice in regional planning and, ensured the integration of social, economic and environmental considerations to create a sustainable region. The Hanoi Capital Region consists of the City of Hanoi and seven neighbouring provinces – Ha Tay, Bac Ninh, Vinh Phuc, Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Hung Yen and Hoa Binh. The region accommodates approximately 13 million people and forms part of the Northern Economic Zone of Vietnam.

The Hanoi Capital Region Plan includes a comprehensive assessment of the Region in Context highlighting the changes currently occurring in the region in terms of population, housing, the economy, transport, infrastructure and the environment. The evaluation of the region embraces a SWOT analysis which was facilitated through working sessions with the VIAP team and additional data collection, where required.

Within this context the regional plan adopts a strategic framework underpinned by the principles and practices of sustainability. Ten Principles are applied to the region they being liveability, diversity, competitiveness, co-location and clustering, linkages, integration of infrastructure, natural environment and biodiversity, learning and innovation, partnerships and good governance and leadership. From these principles and a sound appreciation of the region’s key characteristics a Vision Statement for the Hanoi Capital Region was identified. The Vision statement incorporates six strategic themes for the Hanoi Capital Region (for example, a Region of National Significance, A Region of Economic Prosperity and Innovation) with each theme identifying objectives, initiatives and actions to the year 2030 and beyond.

An integral part of the project was to identify an appropriate regional planning structure for the implementation, monitoring and review of the Hanoi Capital Region Plan, 2030. A paper on regional planning models was presented at a workshop involving national and government officials from which a recommended structure was incorporated in the regional plan based on a regional development authority model.

The Hanoi Capital Region Plan, 2030 was approved by the Vietnam National Government in May 2008.
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Old July 15th, 2009, 11:13 AM
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From Wikipedia:

Hanoi Capital Region or Hanoi Metropolitan Area (Vietnamese: Vůng Thủ Đô Hŕ Nội) is a metropolitan area currently planning by the government of Vietnam. This metropolitan area was created by decision 490/QD-TTg dated May 5, 2008 of the Prime Minister of Vietnam. Hanoi will be the core city of this metropolitan area. Other component parts will include provinces: Hŕ Tây, Vĩnh Phúc, Hưng Yęn, Bắc Ninh, Hải Dương, Hŕ Nam and Hňa Běnh with an area of 13,436 km˛, half of the size of Greater Ho Chi Minh City, the same for population size planning.

As Hŕ Tây as been merged into Hanoi by a resolution of the National Assembly of Vietnam in June 2008, this metropolitan area will include Hanoi and six surrounding provinces.

As of 2006, this metropolitan area has a population of 12.462 million, of which, 3.26 million live in urban areas, by 2020, the number will be 14.5-15 and 8.1-9.2 million respectively.
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Old July 15th, 2009, 11:22 AM
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Default Decision No.108/1998/QD-TTg of June 20, 1998

SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
----- o0o -----
Ha Noi , Day 20 month 06 year 1998

DECISION No.108/1998/QD-TTg OF JUNE 20, 1998 RATIFYING THE READJUSTED OVERALL PLANNING OF HANOI CAPITAL TILL THE YEAR 2020

THE PRIME MINISTER

Pursuant to the Law on Organization of the Government of September 30, 1992;

At the joint proposal of the President of the Hanoi City People's Committee and the Minister of Construction in Official Dispatch No.01/UBTP-BXD of January 6, 1998,

DECIDES:

Article 1.- To ratify the readjusted overall planning of Hanoi Capital till the year 2020 with the following main contents:

1. Objectives:

To determine the Capital's special position and role in orienting the master plan for Vietnam's urban development in line with the socio-economic development orientations and objectives as well as the policy on accelerated industrialization and modernization; to well combine construction and development with the maintenance of security and defense, and renovation with new construction, in order to build Hanoi Capital into a national and modern city, with full identity and tradition of an age-old culture; a political nerve-center and at the same time a big cultural, technical and scientific, economic and international transaction center of the whole country; and city worthy to be the Capital of a country with 100 million people and a proper position in Southeast Asia and the world.

2. Scope of planning and spatial development orientations:

The spatial planning shall cover Central Hanoi city and satellite towns in Ha Tay, Vinh Phuc, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces within a radius of from 30 to 50 km.

Under its long-term development orientation, Hanoi shall expand mainly to the West, with the creation of a cluster of towns Mieu Mon- Xuan Mai- Hoa Lac- Son Tay (Ha Tay province); and to the North with a cluster of towns Soc Son (Hanoi)- Xuan Hoa- Dai Lai- Phuc Yen (Vinh Phuc province) and other towns so as to make full use of advantages regarding geological position, natural conditions, traffic systems and infrastructure. In the immediate future, the Central Hanoi city shall expand to the northwest, southwest and the north, with priority given to investment in the development of the region north of the Red River, where a new Hanoi shall be created to encompass the areas of Northern Thang Long- Van Tri, Dong Anh- Co Loa, Gia Lam- Sai Dong- Yen Vien, while development investment projects in Southern Thang Long shall continue to be implemented.

3. Size of population:

By the year 2020, the population of Hanoi Capital and the surrounding towns under this readjusted overall planning shall be around 4.5 to 5 million with 2.5 million people living in the urban districts of Central Hanoi while another 2 to 2.5 million- in the surrounding towns.

4. Planning on the use of land and architecture of urban landscapes:

a/ On the land use criteria:

The average urban land use criterion is 100 m2/person, including 25 m2 for traffic land, 18 m2 for trees, parks, physical training and sport activities, and 5 m2 for the construction of public-utility projects.

b/ On the arrangement of functional quarters:

- The population quarters shall include a quarter with restricted population growth rate, stretching from belt 2 (Vinh Tuy- Nga Tu Vong (Vong Crossroad)- Nga Tu So (So Crossroad)- Cau Giay and Nhat Tan) inward the city's center, where the population shall be in the long-term restricted to about 0.8 million people; and development quarters mainly in peripheral areas outside belt 2 with a population of around 0.7 million people in the area south of the Red River and 1 million people in the area north of the Red River.

- The existing industrial zones shall be renovated and re-arranged in line with the municipal construction planning; at the same time to develop new industrial zones such as Soc Son, Northern Thang Long, Southern Thang Long, Sai Dong A and B and Dong Anh; to renovate and expand the industrial zones of Cau Dien, Cau Bieu, Phap Van and Duc Giang. Besides, small, clean and high-tech enterprises may be arranged intermingledly in the population quarters.

The land area reserved for the construction of industrial zones shall be around 3,000 ha.

- The system of public centers shall include the existing centers in the city, such as the national political - administrative center of Ba Dinh, the municipal political-administrative center in Hoan Kiem lake area and new commercial, financial, service and cultural centers in the western part of West Lake, the southern part of Thang Long (Xuan La, Xuan Dinh, Nghia Do), Phuong Trach (Southern Van Tri), Gia Lam and the Co Loa service, cultural, physical education and sport center.

Supportive to the above-said municipal centers shall be a system of district and regional centers linked to residential units or quarters.

- The specialized centers shall include:

+ State management agencies of different levels, which shall be arranged in the municipal, district and ward administrative centers. Head offices of companies, organizations and foreign representative missions shall be arranged along the thoroughfares;

+ Training institutions which shall center in big quarters, such as Giai Phong road, Nguyen Trai road, Road 32, Trau Quy, Me Tri and some other areas;

+ Scientific research institutes, which shall centralize mainly in the old urban districts and Nghia Do area, including the existing scientific research institutions and institutes, and service establishments, which shall be renovated and developed into an urban scientific quarter;

+ Medical centers, including policlinics and specialized hospitals, which shall be arranged in such quarters as Bach Mai, Tran Khanh Du, Trang Thi, Quan Su, Xuan La- Nhat Tan, Van Tri and others.

Particularly, the specialized hospitals of special category shall be built in Gia Lam and Soc Son areas and some other suitable locations;

+ The national and municipal physical education and sport center, to be arranged in My Dinh (Tu Liem district). Other physical education and sport centers shall be arranged evenly throughout the city, including Hang Day, Quan Ngua, Nhon, Van Tri, Co Loa, Trieu Khuc etc.

+ To renovate and upgrade the existing parks, flower gardens and botanical gardens, while building new parks in such areas as Yen So lake, Linh Dam, Trieu Khuc, Me Tri, Nhue river, Phu Thuong, Van Tri, Co Loa, Gia Lam, Sai Dong, etc. To create special-purpose tree belts for the protection and separation of natural landscapes along such rivers as To Lich, Lu, Set, Kim Nguu, Hong (Red River), Nhue, Ca Lo, and Duong and along the technical infrastructure corridors.

To build in the suburban area a green belt of from 1 to 4 km wide, formulating a frame to protect nature and maintain the city's ecological balance.

- The existing and to-be-built defense and security establishments, which shall be rationally planned and arranged so as to ensure the construction and land use management in accordance with the planning and provisions of the land legislation.

c/ On urban architecture and landscapes:

- In the existing urban areas: To preserve and embellish cultural and historical relics, natural landscapes and architectural works of high value; to build a number of statues of national heroes who rendered meritorious services to the Fatherland; to renovate and upgrade infrastructure, improve living, working and traveling conditions and create more recreation centers for people; to preserve ancient streets while upgrading public-utility works; to restrict height of new constructions in the area of ancient streets and to arrange high-rises only in suitable places;

- In the to-be-developed areas: These shall include to be newly built quarters intermingled with villages, which shall be preserved, renovated and built along the direction of modernity and national identity, with synchronous infrastructure systems, flower gardens, parks and trees, so as to create a good ecological environment for a green, clean and beautiful Capital city; to pay attention to raising the average height of stories, exploiting the underground and air space to save land area.

5. On traffic planning and technical infras-tructure:

a/ On traffic planning:

- General principle:

+ Priority must be given to the development of the traffic infrastructure together with other technical infrastructure projects in order to formulate a complete municipal planning structure aiming to efficiently serve the Capital's socio-economic activities;

+ The land area for traffic infrastructure construction, including motion and non-motion traffic systems, must make up 25% of the urban land area on average;

+ The development of the Capital's communications and transport must focus on the development of the mass transit system which shall attract 30% of the total commuters by the year 2010 and 50% by the year 2020.

- On the land road:

+ To renovate and broaden the city-bound national highways, including Highways No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 5, No. 6, No. 18 and No. 32. To complete the construction of the Lang- Hoa Lac expressway;

+ To complete the construction of belts No. 1, No. 2 and No.3; and at the same time to study the establishment of belt No.4;

+ To renovate and upgrade the existing intra-municipal roads, with special attention to be paid to the renovation and expansion of traffic corridors and hubs, such as: Tay Son road with Nga Tu So (So Crossroad) hub; Le Duan road with Nga Tu Vong (Vong Crossroad) hub; La Thanh road with Kim Lien hub, O Cho Dua and Cau Giay hubs; Tran Quang Khai road with Chuong Duong bridgehead hub; Bach Mai and Dai La roads with Trung Hien Crossroad hub; Hoang Hoa Tham, Thuy Khue roads with Buoi Crossroad hub; and Lang Trung- Nguyen Chi Thanh- Lieu Giai- Hoang Hoa Tham roads; and at the same time to renovate and embellish the network of roads in the ancient and old street area.

To build new roads in the areas with low road density.

+ To build a complete and modern network of roads in uniform conjunction with other underground technical infrastructure constructions in the newly-developed areas;

+ To focus on an even arrangement of the system of car parks, bus stops and terminals so as to ensure the average distance of 500 to 600 m from functional quarters to the car parks and bus stops on the public transport lines. To build inter-provincial car terminals, such as Gia Lam, Giap Bat, Mai Dich and Dong Anh, etc.

- In addition to Thang Long and Chuong Duong bridges, to re-build Long Bien bridge and build a new bridge of Thanh Tri and other bridges across the Red River in order to promptly meet the Capital's requirements of development in both the southern and northern Red River regions.

- On the railways:

+ With regard to the national railway system, to maintain the railway hub in the western part of the city; to build the new railway section of Van Dien- Co Bi (crossing Thanh Tri bridge), which will cross the Duong river at Bot Vang pumping station and heading to Bac Hong railway station, avoiding the Co Loa historical relic area.

To complete a system of railway stations, including the stations of Phu Dien, Ha Dong, Viet Hung, Giap Bat, Gia Lam, Yen Vien, Bac Hong, Van Tri and Co Loa, of which Co Bi, Yen Vien, Viet Hung and Bac Hong are stations for cargo trains while Giap Bat, Gia Lam and Phu Dien are stations for passenger trains;

+ To give priority to the construction of the urban railway system in order to create main axes for the Capital's mass transit network, including overhead and underground lines. In the immediate future, to build the Van Dien- Hang Co- Gia Lam- Yen Vien line; then the Ha Dong- So Crossroad - Hang Co line; Hang Co- Cat Linh- Kim Ma- Thu Le- Nghia Do- Phu Dien - Minh Khai line; Giap Bat- belt No. 3 line; Thang Long bridge- Noi Bai line and Kim Ma- Lang Trung- Hoa Lac line.

To pay attention to the organization and construction of modern passenger entrepots with big passenger flows, such as Hang Co and Noi Bai stations.

- On air transport:

To expand and complete the construction of Noi Bai airport according to the planning already ratified by the Prime Minister in Decision No.152-TTg of April 4, 1994. Such airports as Gia Lam, Bach Mai and Hoa Lac are the domestic ones. In the future, to build another an international airport in Mieu Mon (Ha Tay province).

- On river transport:

To actively dredge, control and gradually canalize the Red river, to upgrade Ha Noi's ports (at Pha Den) and Khuyen Luong port and at the same time to build more ports, including Van Kiep and Thuong Cat.

b/ On technical preparation of land:

- To build a rainy water drainage system, with pumping stations and a network of sluices and canals, ensuring a density of 0.6 to 0.8 km/km2 ;

- To renovate and build a system of water-regulating lakes in combination with the creation of lake-side landscapes, ensuring that the acreage of lakes represents 5-7% of the lake basin acreage;

- To consolidate the dike systems along the Red and Day rivers in order to prevent floods for Central Hanoi;

- To build roads along inner city's rivers and lakes in conjunction with the embankment and bordering thereof.

c/ On water supply:

- To ensure the water supply norm of 150-180 liter/person/day for 90-95% of urban population by the year 2010, and 180-200 liter/person/day for 95-100% of urban population by the year 2020;

- To rationally tap underground water sources, and first of all to exploit surface water sources from the system of Red, Da, Cau and Cong rivers.

d/ On power supply:

- To build 3 power stations of 220 KV in Da Phuc, in the northwestern part of Van Tri swamp and in Thanh Cong quarter; to raise the capacity of the main stations to 2,500 MVA and build 16 new stations;

- To improve or build 220 KV, 110 KV or 22 KV transmision lines, ensuring their modernity, good-looking and safe use.

e/ On the drainage of waste water and environmental hygiene:

- To renovate, upgrade and use the common drainage system to carry off waste and rain water in the old city's inner quarters and build a new, separate waste water drainage system in the newly-built quarters;

- To ensure that by the year 2020, 100% of the city's solid waste volume will be gathered, transported and processed with appropriate technologies;

- To improve or build concentrated graveyards and cemeteries, while building small and scattered ones, suited to the conditions of each locality.
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Old July 15th, 2009, 11:23 AM
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6. Construction planning in the first phase:

From now to the year 2005, to concentrate on the formulation and implementation of the key programs on the management and development of urban areas, including:

a/ The program on preparation for the Thang Long's millenium;

b/ The program on investment in the construction of economic-technical facilities so as to create the motive force for urban development and creation of jobs for people;

c/ The program on investment in the renovation, upgrading and development of urban traffic system and technical infrastructure;

d/ The program on investment in environmental protection, construction of a frame for the protection of nature and urban ecological balance;

e/ The program on investment and development of new urban quarters, construction of dwelling houses and resettlement areas, in combination with the control of population growth in the city's urban districts;

f/ The program on raising the capability and efficiency of urban management.

Article 2.- The Hanoi City People's Committee shall coordinate with the Ministry of Construction and the concerned ministries and branches in organizing the implementation of the readjusted overall planning of Hanoi Capital till the year 2020. More concretely:

1. To ratify the designing dossier of the readjusted overall planning of Hanoi Capital till the year 2020 after consulting the Ministry of Construction;

2. To publicize the readjusted overall planning of the Capital till the year 2020 so that people know, inspect and implement it;

3. To draw up annual and long-term plans for the implementation of the planning on the renovation and construction of the Capital.

4. To strengthen and raise the capability of the municipal planning and architecture management agencies; to clearly determine the power and responsibility of the chief architect in assisting the President of the municipal People's Committee to deal with the work of planning, architecture and construction management in accordance with the municipal and grassroots-level plannings;

5. To organize the drafting of the Regulation on the management of architecture and planning for the construction of the capital city and submit it to the Prime Minister for promulgation;

6. To increase the investment capital proportion left for the capital city from the total budget revenue, so as to meet the renovation and construction requirements of the capital city;

7. To mobilize investment capital from inside and outside the country in different forms in order to implement projects on the renovation and construction of the Capital;

8. To cooperate with foreign investors and prestigious consultancy organizations, especially international organizations which have over the past time, coordinated with Vietnam in readjusting the overall planning of Hanoi Capital and investing in the construction of a new urban quarter north of the Red River and other new urban areas;

9. To formulate projects and legal documents; to build organizational apparatuses and mechanism; and to draw up policies and solutions for the experimental management of investment in and development of new urban quarters and dwelling houses..., with a view to fully tapping all potentials to meet the demand for rapid development of Hanoi Capital;

10. To complete the detailed planning of the new urban quarters in the western part of West Lake and northern area of the Red River after getting evaluation results from the Ministry of Construction and submit it to the Prime Minister for ratification.

Article 3.-

1. To set up a Steering Board for the planning and construction of Hanoi Capital with a Deputy Prime Minister as its Head; the Minister of Construction and the President of the Hanoi City People's Committee as its Deputy Heads, and leaders of the following branches and ministries: The Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Communications and Transport, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Culture and Information, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, the Government Office, the Government Commission on Organization and Personnel, the General Land Administration and the State Bank of Vietnam as its members.

The Steering Board shall coordinate with the People's Committees of the relevant provinces in organizing the implementation of the ratified planning.

2. The Steering Board for the planning and construction of Hanoi Capital shall have an assisting apparatus, headquartered at the office of the Hanoi City People's Committee, and operates according to the Regulation approved by the Board's Head.

Article 4.- This Decision takes effect 15 days after its signing.

The President of the Hanoi City People's Committee; the ministers, the heads of the ministerial-level agencies; the heads of the agencies attached to the Government; the presidents of the People's Committees of the relevant provinces and cities shall have to implement this Decision.

Prime Minister

PHAN VAN KHAI
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Old July 18th, 2009, 03:37 PM
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Default Experts surprised by audacity of proposed Hanoi master plan

Hanoi City is giving positive consideration to implementing a long-term urban development plan it has commissioned from an international consortium. However, the draft plan is drawing fire from Vietnamese experts.

The green belt, which accounts for 60 percent of Hanoi’s area, suggested by PPJ.



Early in July, Hanoi authorities reviewed an ambitious plan for Hanoi’s development to 2030, with a ‘vision’ to 2050. The plan calls for the city’s evolution as ‘the first sustainable capital city.’ It is the work of PPJ, a consortium made up of the US design and architecture firm Perkins Eastman and Posco Engineering &Construction and Jina from South Korea. The Vietnam Institute for Architecture, Urban and Rural Planning (VIAP) also contributed.

The proposal aims at development that embodies four ‘pillars of sustainability’ – economic, environmental, social and cultural, and emphasizes preservation of a ‘green corridor’ in the rich rice growing areas of the former Ha Tay Province. (Ha Tay, to the west of the city center, was annexed to Hanoi a year ago.)

PPJ experts say that the capital city’s plan needs to address many concrete issues, including transport, public spaces, land management, and urban management.

PPJ suggested two options, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Integral to both is the concept of a ‘green corridor’ that will cover 60 percent of the area of the new capital city, leaving 40 percent for intensive development.

Two-thirds of the green corridor area will be strictly protected against industrial and commercial development, while development in the rest of that area will be consonant with its ‘green’ character. The area for urban development will be shared equally between new towns and existing urbanized areas. This plan is calculated to enable sustainable development of a city with 10 million citizens by 2030.

In option A, two big satellite cities will be developed adjacent to a 10-12 kilometer wide green corridor in the rich agricultural areas near the Day and Tich rivers. A national administrative centre, considerably distant from the current centre in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh and Hoan Kiem districts, will catalyze development along the Red River.

The second option involves less radical departures from current development plans. It centers development on a national administrative centre as the nut, surrounded by satellite cities and residential areas of smaller scale.


Vietnamese experts are quick to comment

The director of the Institute for Construction Planning, La Thi Kim Ngan, considers both options to be infeasible. Ngan said a new national administrative centre located between the Day and Tich rivers is too far from the current one. This area is more suitable for agriculture. Or, if the administrative centre is located to the east of the current city center in Gia Lam district, it can only be accessed from the city’s centre by bridges across the Red River.

Ngan said that the most suitable location for the national administrative centre is the area to the west of West Lake (from the Tay Ho peninsula to Hoai Duc or Tu Liem district).

Hanoi City Chairman Nguyen The Thao said that a national administrative centre that is not closely connected to the current city center will be a ‘dead city,’ so it should be based in the Tay Ho Tay area (west of the West Lake).

Thao asked PPJ to clarify its conception of ‘green corridor’ to avoid eliminating existing villages.

Other experts also said that the ‘green corridor’ idea is interesting but it must be explained clearly.

Dao Ngoc Nghiem, Hanoi’s former chief architect, and Huynh Dang Hi, of the Urban Planning Association both commented that PPJ didn’t discuss population density and population distribution, a necessary foundation for developing infrastructure.

Tran Trong Hanh, a Hanoi People’s Council member and the former rector of the Hanoi Architecture University, said: “I didn’t participate in this project but the consulting unit asked for my opinion. Firstly, I wonder if the period for development of the plan, only about a year, isn’t too short. The scientific foundations for the ideas of PPJ were not proved convincingly”.

Hanh also said that the plan does not differentiate between the urban and general development plans. In addition, economic and social development plans for Hanoi don’t reach to 2050 so this ‘planning vision’ may not match with other plans in the future. As for ‘green areas,’ these have already been foreseen in the 1998 Hanoi development plan and are nothing new.

Hanoi, Hanh said, does not need to use 40 percent of its land for urban development in order to accommodate its projected population. He suggested the rate for urbanization be held to 10-20 percent.

Hanh believes the national administrative centre should be maintained in the current Ba Dinh – Hoan Kiem districts. Other places should be considered as satellites.

In late April, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung and government leaders considered PPJ’s first report, which was less detailed but not much different from the one presented to the Hanoi authorities last week.

While preparing the plan, PPJ held many surveys, seminars and conferences, including international experts, on issues relating to the plan and analysed urban planning experiences from 15 global cities.

According to PPJ, Hanoi has several unique features that need to be addressed. For example, particularly since the annexation of Ha Tay and other adjacent districts last year, Hanoi has a widespread system of villages, including many traditional craft villages that ought to be preserved and developed. Meanwhile, the city’s large agricultural land base is shrinking due to urbanisation, thus agricultural planning needs to be carefully addressed to it continues to thrive in the green corridor, together with infrastructure to add tourism value and serve environmental needs.

PPJ and VIAP have become consultants for the Hanoi Master Construction Plan under contracts worth a combined 6.4 million US dollars. The contracts were signed with the Ministry of Construction in December, 2008.

It is envisioned that the plan will be approved by the Government in time for its promulgation on the occasion of the 1000th Thang Long – Hanoi anniversary (October 10, 2010).

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